Astronomers Identify New Substances on Europa of Possible Underground Origin

An image mosaic of Europa taken from NASA’s Galileo spacecraft, showing the moon’s famous “chaos terrain” of linear cracks and ridges that crisscross almost its entire surface. A new research by a team of U.S. astronomers has identified a previously unseen set of minerals along Europa’s chaos terrain, which are thought to have […]

The Science of Pluto: The Sails of Charon (Part 2)

An artist’s concept of Charon (at front), with Pluto seen in the background. Equally as fascinating and exciting as Pluto, Charon has sported its own set of intriguing mysteries and unanswered questions, some of which include the exciting possibility for the existence of geyser-like surface eruptions, underground layers of liquid water, and even […]

New Study Suggests Pluto's Charon May Have Harbored Underground Oceans Long Ago

An artist’s depiction of Pluto, as seen from the surface of its largest moon Charon. A recent study by a team of US astronomers argues that Charon might harbor frozen underground oceans of liquid water, the pressence of which could be inferred by surface geologic features that could be visible to the New […]

Steady As She Goes: New Horizons Successfully Completes Small Course Correction Prior to Pluto Encounter

An artist’s concept of NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft during its closest approach to Pluto and Charon on July 14. With just four weeks remaining before this much-anticipated spaceflight event, New Horizons remains healthy and on course for its rendezvous with history. Image Credit: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute (JHUAPL/SwRI)

With […]

Living On the Edge: In the Realm of the Ice Giants (Part 5)

An artist’s concept of Neptune as seen from the surface of its largest moon Triton. Could this distant cold moon harbor an underground habitat for life in the outer reaches of the Solar System approximately 4.5 billion km from the Sun? Image Credit: Wikipedia

“Four happy days bring in Another moon; but […]

Living On the Edge: The Icy Plains of Enceladus (Part 3)

Lit by reflected light from Saturn, Enceladus appears to hover above the gleaming rings with its well-defined ice particle jets spraying a continuous hail of tiny ice grains, in this image taken by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft in 2006 from a distance of 1.303 million kilometers. The 500-km-wide moon has excited the scientific community […]

Living On the Edge: The Inviting Waters of Europa (Part 2)

Jupiter’s moon Europa, as seen by NASA’s Galileo spacecraft. A long line of evidence has shown that Europa has an underground ocean of liquid water, which for many scientists constitutes the best place in the Solar System to search for alien life. Image Credit: NASA/JPL/Ted Stryk

“Since ’tis certain that Earth and Jupiter […]