White House Proposes 2016 NASA Budget

Bolden Announces NASA 2015 Budget Credit: Talia Landman, AmericaSpace.com

Bolden Announces NASA 2015 Budget Credit: 2015 Talia Landman/AmericaSpace.com

Today was both Groundhog Day–Punxsutawney Phil said winter will last an extra six weeks–and the release of the White House’s proposed budget for NASA for the 2016 fiscal year, which begins Oct. 1, 2015. The White House’s Office of Management and Budget, the actual author of NASA’s annual budget, has once again proposed sharp cuts to programs that have strong support within Congress in order to fund large increases in White House cherished programs, even at levels Congress has shown little interest in supporting and has even repeatedly warned are too high. Comparing NASA’s proposed FY2016 budget to past proposed budgets would easily leave one with the feeling of, “It’s déjà vu all over again,” as the great wordsmith Yogi Berra once put it. And like the White House NASA budget proposals since 2011, this one is dead-on-arrival in Congress.

 

 

White House Proposed FY 2016 NASA Budget Highlights

White House Proposed FY2016 NASA Budget Highlights

One program that sees a significant drop in funding is the Jupiter Europa mission, which is surprising given its strong, public support from Rep. John Culbertson. OMB proposes that the Jupiter Europa mission, which was appropriated $100 million for 2015, be cut by 70 percent, to $30 million next year. Out-year budget projections will not see Jupiter Europa funded at 2015 levels until 2020. It is unlikely that Rep. Culbertson, who is the new Chairman of the House Appropriations Commerce Justice and Science Subcommittee, will let the cuts to Jupiter Europa survive.

NASA FY16 Jupiter Europa Proposed Budget

White House Proposed NASA FY2016 Jupiter Europa Program Funding

 

For the fifth fiscal year in a row, the White House proposes to cut both the Orion and the Space Launch System programs by large amounts. The Orion program would be cut by 8.2 percent and Space Launch System by over 20 percent from levels appropriated in FY2015. As with past efforts by the White House and OMB to cut Orion and the Space Launch System, it is unlikely that these proposed budget cuts will survive.

NASA FY 2016 Orion Program Proposed Funding

White House Proposed NASA FY2016 Orion Program Funding

 

White House Proposed NASA FY 2016 SLS Program Funding

White House Proposed NASA FY2016 SLS Program Funding

For fiscal year 2016, the White House proposes to increase Commercial Crew program (CCP) funding by a whopping 54.5 percent over levels appropriated in the current year, from $805 million to $1.243 billion. Many were pleasantly surprised by Congress’ willingness to appropriate $696 million in the FY2014 budget, although $171 million of that funding hinged upon the NASA Administrator certifying that the commercial crew program was subjected to an independent benefit-cost analysis that took into consideration the total Federal investment in the commercial crew program and the expected operational life of the International Space Station. For 2015 appropriations, in response to learning about commercial crew milestone slips long after the fact, Congress put in a requirement that:

In order to provide adequate insight into this program, NASA shall provide quarterly reports to the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate that include the technical and financial quarterly reports required of each awardee, as well as any actions taken by NASA or the awardees to adjust schedule, change or alter milestones, or modify milestone payments. In the event that there are adjustments to the schedule in excess of 2 months, NASA shall immediately notify the Committees in writing and provide a detailed explanation and justification for the schedule alteration. Moreover, any accompanying alteration in milestones or milestone payments shall be reflected in the aforementioned notification.

White House Proposed NASA FY 2016 Commercial Crew Program Funding

White House Proposed NASA FY2016 Commercial Crew Program Funding

The International Space Station program will see a budget increase of 4.6 percent from FY15 $3.828 billion to $4.004 billion. There are several issues affecting the ISS program that are coming to a head in the next year or two. To date, no ISS partners have committed to extending ISS beyond 2020. The ESA’s Director General Jean stated in a Dec. 26, 2014, interview with TV-Navosti that the ESA was committed to ISS until 2020 but was ready for another mission. And most, if not all, of the ISS partners’ agreements terminate in 2017. NASA’s ISS budget projections will increase by over one billion to $4.864 billion by 2020. If the United States is to go it alone in operating ISS, as appears likely, NASA’s budget will need to increase substantially.

White House Proposed NASA FY 2016 ISS Funding

White House Proposed NASA FY2016 ISS Funding

The White House’s fiscal year 2016 NASA budget, like budgets between 2011 and 2015, appears to once again attempt to short-change NASA’s next-generation human space exploration architecture. That the Administration’s earlier attempts to affect such budgetary changes have failed seems to have gone unnoticed by the White House and its Office of Management and Budget. Even more surprising is that the White House seems ignore that the current make-up of Congress makes it less likely than ever to approve cuts to the Orion and SLS programs, never mind Jupiter Europa, leaving the question of whether this proposed budget will even make a mark during budget deliberations. While only time will tell, given the history, the answer is likely that it will not. Instead, given the proposed NASA budget released today, Congress will in both word and deed, as it has over the past 5 years, oversee the U.S.’s human spaceflight program.

3 comments to White House Proposes 2016 NASA Budget

  • i surprise about the sentence winter will last in extra six weeks.its mean rotation of earth is changing.either it is going slower or high.But main point is how it is effecting the weather.ozone or any thing else.

  • Joe

    A good detailed article.

    Other “news” stories have talked about NASA receiving “all it requested” for SLS/Orion. Knew that was White House spin (NASA requests only as much as the White House/OMB allow), but did not realize they were playing the same game with the Jupiter Europa mission.

    This brings up an interesting question. The Administration is supposedly asking for an overall NASA Budget increase of $500M. If that money is not going to HSF or robotics probes and the Aeronautics programs do not seem to be talking about any substantial budget increases, where is the money going?

  • Karol

    Jim, THANK YOU for a clear, straightforward presentation of the proposed budget which thankfully appears DOA. Fortunately, with the changes in Congress, there seems to be strong support for the SLS/ORION program and Europa mission. Perhaps the Administration is hoping against hope that the shrill, NASA-bashing NewSpace social media machine will turn Congress into NewSpace disciples. Proposing massive cuts to the taxpayer-owned SLS/ORION and NASA Europa mission while handing more taxpayer money to “commercial space”, knowing full well that such a budget has absolutely no chance of acceptance, seems like pounding one’s head against a concrete wall hoping someone will come along and save you from the untenable situation you have created for yourself. It’s great to have at least one source of aerospace news that’s not just more SpaceX cheerleading. Thank you Jim for AmericaSpace that tells it like it is.