A Moon Falling Apart: Grooves on Phobos Are a Sign of its Eventual Catastrophic Fate

The unusual grooves on Phobos’ surface, such as those on the left side of this image, are now thought to be caused by tidal stress. The large crater Stickney is in the upper portion of the image. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona

Phobos is the largest of Mars’ two tiny moons, but 50 […]

The Year in Space, 2014: New Beginnings, Continuing Discoveries

LIFTOFF! NASA’s Orion spacecraft begins its debut voyage at the dawn of Friday, Dec. 5. Orion’s successful Exploration Flight Test 1 (EFT-1) capped an exciting year in spaceflight. Photo Credit: John Studwell / AmericaSpace

As 2014 winds down to its end, this year can be remembered for its new beginnings in spaceflight, encompassing […]

India Becomes Fourth Member of 'Mars Club' as MOM Enters Orbit Around Red Planet

India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft, also known as “Mangalyaan” (Hindi for “Mars Craft”), is encapsulated within its payload shroud. Its successful entry into Mars orbit made India the fourth nation, or group of nations, to successfully send a home-grown spacecraft to the Red Planet. Photo Credit: ISRO

India has become the fourth […]

Successful Engine Test Sets India's Mars Orbiter On Course for Wednesday Arrival at Red Planet

Although 98 percent of its journey to the Red Planet is now behind it, the next two days will be critical for India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM). Image Credit: ISRO

Two days after Sunday’s triumphant arrival of NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), India is drawing closer to its goal of becoming […]

India Prepares for Test Flight of Problem-Plagued GSLV Rocket

The first operational flight of India’s Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)—and its first successful mission—took place in September 2004 and delivered the EDUSAT/GSAT-3 payload into orbit. Photo Credit: ISRO

After three difficult years, dogged by the bad luck of two back-to-back failures, and after coming tantalizingly close to a return to flight last […]

India Enters Fourth Place By Setting Spacecraft En-Route to Mars

Although the first hurdle for the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) has been overcome, the next 10 months are fraught with difficulty. Image Credit: ISRO

In a historic event, India has become only the fourth discrete nation or group of nations—after the United States, Russia, and the European Space Agency (ESA)—to successfully despatch a […]

India's Mars Mission Back On Track as Spacecraft Apogee Exceeds 100,000 Km

Although the first hurdle for the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) has been overcome, the next 10 months are fraught with difficulty. Image Credit: ISRO

One week since its rousing 5 November liftoff atop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), India’s first mission to Mars seems to have recovered well from its first hiccup, […]

Countdown Underway for India's First Mission to Mars

Fully encapsulated within its bulbous payload shroud, India’s first mission to Mars awaits its date with destiny. Liftoff is scheduled for 2:38 p.m. IST (4:08 a.m. EST) Tuesday, 5 November. Photo Credit: ISRO

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) began a 56.5-hour countdown to the launch of its first mission to Mars on […]

Launch Rehearsal Places India One Step Closer to First Mars Mission

India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft, also known as “Mangalyaan” (Hindi for “Mars Craft”), is encapsulated within its payload shroud. If successful, the mission will make India the fourth discrete nation or group of nations to send its own spacecraft to the Red Planet. Photo Credit: ISRO

As the final days tick away […]

India's First Mars Mission Confirmed for 5 November Launch

India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft, also known as “Mangalyaan” (Hindi for “Mars Craft”), is loaded into the Large Space Simulation Chamber for thermovacuum tests. Photo Credit: ISRO

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that it will attempt to launch its first mission to Mars on the afternoon of 5 November […]